Sunburn in a child: how to alleviate the condition
The time has come for vacations and vacations. A sunburn in a child is common during this period. Many do reviews, posts and articles on what you need to put in the medicine cabinet, which sun creams to take. But these are measures to prevent unpleasant symptoms. What to do if a child’s sunburn does happen? I will talk about this in this summer article.
What can trigger a sunburn in children
This phenomenon can be caused by exposure to both the sun and artificial UV radiation (lamps). UV can be of two types: A and B (depending on the wavelength). Type B is a thousand times more active. It can quickly lead to burns and damage to the skin, premature aging. It is known that the susceptibility of people to UV radiation is individual and higher in fair-skinned and blue-eyed. They burn faster and stronger. Certain drugs and substances can provoke a quick sunburn in the rest.
Drugs and topical agents that can increase UV sensitivity:
antihypertensives (decrease in pressure);
NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs). For example, ibuprofen, ketoprofen, indomethacin.
Also, plants can enhance sensitivity to rays. These include dill, celery, lemon, grapefruit and St. John’s wort. There are many more such plants, but I mentioned only those that can be in the child’s diet.
Sunburn in children: treatment
If sunburn in children could not be prevented, then proceed to treatment. I can reassure that this is a spontaneous state. Redness on the skin disappears in 3-7 days. Bubbles last longer, but disappear in 7-10 days. After these symptoms “self-destruct”, the peeling stage begins.
Typically, clinical manifestations occur 3-5 hours after exposure to UV. The maximum peak occurs after a day. External changes on the skin can be accompanied by general manifestations: the head can hurt, the body temperature can rise, nausea can overcome.
Surprisingly, today there are no methods that would accelerate the healing of the skin. Therefore, the treatment of sunburn in children is focused on reducing pain symptoms. It is necessary to reduce inflammation of the skin, and relieve pain. The first problem can be solved using Nurofen (2-3 times a day), cool compresses, emollients, calamine and gels with Aloe Vera. When the blisters burst on their own, rinse them with water and carefully cover them with gauze. The duration of treatment usually does not exceed 2 days.
When using Nurofen in the treatment of sunburn in children, make sure that there are no contraindications. The drug in tablet form is allowed for children from 6 years. Dosage according to instructions. There is also a suspension of nurofen. It can be used for children from 3 months.
A few years ago, I came across recommendations on the treatment of sunburn with local corticosteroids. Today, this data is no longer relevant. If the child has severe skin lesions, then the treatment takes place in a hospital. The doctor may prescribe infusion therapy and systemic analgesia.