The first bath of the newborn
The first bath of a newborn is not a simple hygienic procedure. There are subtleties and goals. Many mothers think about whether it is necessary and whether it is possible to bathe a newborn in the delivery room. Opinions are generally divided. In this article I want to tell you the whole truth about it.
The first bath of the newborn
When doctors talk about the first bathing of a newborn, it means cleansing the skin of blood and feces. Do this with caution so as not to wash off the original grease. What is it and why is it so important for a child?
Primary lubrication (PS) – happens only in people. This is a “magic” film that protects the skin of a newborn. It is she who is the chemical and mechanical barrier in the womb of a woman. It helps to adapt the skin of the baby after birth. After all, at first he had his own “climate” inside his mother. Primary lubrication begins to be produced in the fetus at the end of the second trimester of pregnancy.
Composition of PS: 80% water, 10% lipids, 10% proteins.
The distribution of PS on the baby’s body depends on many factors. These include: gestational age, gender, race, method of delivery and the presence of original feces.
Adaptive Functions of Primary Lubrication
How does priming lubricant help the skin adapt to its environment?
Promotes the maturation of the epidermis. At the same time, it protects the cover from maceration under the influence of amniotic fluid.
PS contains antimicrobial components. They are able to protect against many bacteria and fungi. PS – performs the protective function of the epidermal barrier.
If the newborn did not have PS, then his skin would lose a significant amount of moisture. Lubrication is responsible for hydration. Thanks to her, the newborn’s skin is elastic and elastic.
Keeping PS, the baby begins to change the pH of the skin in an acidic environment earlier. Therefore, the skin easier and faster produces normal microflora.
In primordial grease, there is glutamine (one of the amino acids). She is responsible for the rapid synthesis of cells, performing a trophic function. If the skin is damaged, it will quickly recover.
WHO recommends retaining the original grease after the first drainage in the delivery room. ⠀
The first bath of the newborn: what is important to know
After the baby is born, it is dried with a dry soft cloth. It is important not to rub the skin.
The first bath of the newborn occurs when he is able to maintain body temperature. Also, experts pay attention to stable respiration and hemodynamics.
Even if the child is full-term, you can not bathe him immediately. This may adversely affect thermoregulation and cardiorespiratory adaptation during the transition period.
The doctor may delay the first bath of the newborn for 2 hours or more. This happens if the condition of the baby is in doubt with a specialist. During this time, he observes how the adaptation process proceeds. If satisfactory performance is allowed to carry out the procedure.
If you bathe the baby too soon, then the likelihood of hypothermia increases. It also complicates skin-to-skin contact and breastfeeding.
If the newborn is full-term and healthy, they can bathe him at least an hour after birth. But do it if necessary. Pre-measure the temperature in the armpit. The indicator should reach 36.8 degrees.