When and how to bring down a child’s temperature.
Not all parents know when and how to bring down a child’s temperature if it is elevated. In this article I will tell you what temperature is normal, what medications to give and what should not be done. It is important to understand that temperature is a normal protective reaction to infection in the body. Therefore, it makes no sense to “cure” the temperature, but you need to influence the cause of the disease. There is no connection between the magnitude of the temperature and whether the disease is viral or bacterial.
Norms of temperature in a child
Some mothers are horrified when they see that the temperature of the child is above the prescribed 36.6 ° C. But don’t panic. Young children have slightly different indicators, which depend on age, time of day of measurement, climate, the number of clothes on the child, his general condition and arousal. The thermometer numbers, as you can understand, are affected by many factors. The most accurate way to determine a baby’s temperature is to take a measurement in the rectum. But then the permissible indicators increase significantly.
Normal temperature in children under 1 year / 1.5 years:
axilla: 34, 7-37, 5 ° C;
ear: 35, 8-38 ° C;
mouth: 35, 5-37, 5 ° C;
in the rectum: 36.6-38 ° C.
With age, the upper limit of the norm decreases. In babies older than 2 years, body temperature fluctuates depending on the time of day. It rises in the evening, the peak occurs at 16-18 hours. The fluctuation range is 0.6 ° C.
High temperature in a child is not always a sign of illness!
Often, parents think that the baby is sick, although in fact he has “overheating”. It is necessary to consider how the child is dressed, what temperature is outside. Read what other symptoms indicate overheating.
How to correctly measure the temperature in a child
First of all, a home thermometer in the room should show 22-24 degrees. Prepare the baby for the procedure, it should be without a diaper. The baby needs to be wrapped in a cotton diaper, so it will be more convenient. It is necessary to measure the temperature in a calm state.
What temperature should be knocked down at the child
Everyone knows that it is not necessary to immediately give antipyretics, with the slightest increase in the numbers of the thermometer. What temperature should be brought down in a child:
if the child is younger than 3 months, and the armpit is higher than 38-38.5 ° C;
the baby is older than 3 months, and the temperature under the armpit is 39 ° C;
if the child has a central nervous system lesion, heart disease, or other cardiopulmonary pathology, then you need to reduce the temperature from 38.5 ° C. This also applies to children who have had convulsions, metabolic disorders, and impaired consciousness at high temperatures in the past.
Remember, if a child does not tolerate temperature: crying, cannot sleep, listless, then do not torment him. When the thermometer shows above 38.5 ° C, then give an antipyretic. With a decrease in performance, do not achieve normal values. It is necessary to achieve normal health against the background of temperature.
A really dangerous temperature is more than 41 ° C. Adverse physiological aspects and protein breakdown are observed.
How to bring down the temperature in a child
We turn to the main topic – how to bring down the temperature in a child. The following are safe measures to reduce fever.
Give more drink. High temperature is accompanied by active sweating and rapid breathing. As a result, the child loses a lot of fluid. An insufficient amount of water leads to a thickening of the blood. Do not forget that simple water is meant, not juices.
The room where the baby is should be cool. Plus, you need to open the window for oxygen to flow. The main thing is that there is no draft and the child is not blown.
Antipyretic for children
What antipyretics are suitable for children? First of all, they should be ONLY based on paracetamol. Example: Kalpol, baby Panadol, Efferalgan, Cepheron. Also suitable are drugs with ibuprofen marked “children”: Nurofen and Ibuprofen.
Ibuprofen – has a more pronounced effect. But side effects are more common when compared with paracetamol. The result is observed after 10-60 minutes. The action lasts up to 8 hours. Reception 3-4 times in knocking. If you use as an antipyretic, then the course of admission is no more than 3 days. Dosage according to instructions.
Paracetamol – the effect occurs after 30-60 minutes. The action lasts up to 6 hours. You need to take 3-4 times a day, not more than 3 days. Paracetamol at temperature is suitable for children who have a tendency to swelling or cramps. Contraindicated if there is a liver pathology. Dosage is indicated in the instructions for use.
Homeopathic candles Viburkol. They are effective at low temperatures – up to 38.5 ° C. Suitable for children who are allergic to paracetamol or ibuprofen. Recommended for poor temperature tolerance, when the teeth erupt, at post-vaccination temperature.
Nurofen – the optimal dosage is determined according to the instructions, in accordance with the weight and age of the child.
Before use, consult a specialist.