Should a child be vaccinated? Risk assessment
Today, the topic is being discussed on the network more often: whether to give a child vaccinations. About the dangers and dangers, there are many posts on social networks, but are they true. Today, I propose to put an end to this issue.
Vaccination of children and traffic accidents, what is common here?
I will give a simple but very good comparison. Vaccination of children can be compared with vehicles. Life is a constant assessment of risks and benefits. Many people are so used to it that they don’t even notice this fact.
Take a car – is it a means of transportation, comfort or safety? Every day, getting into the car, we find ourselves at risk. Do you know what chance to become a participant in an accident, die as a result of an accident or become disabled? I will give some figures for 2018 in Moscow. In the city there were more than 8 thousand traffic accidents, in which more than 9 thousand people suffered. Killed more than 400 people. Accidents occur daily.
It turns out that sitting in the car, you are consciously exposed to serious danger. When buying a car, none of us asks the seller: “Tell me, is there a guarantee that I will not get into an accident?”
Also with vaccinations. Risks, of course, are present. Each vaccine has its own side effects. Only some appear frequently, while others are less common. Why does it depend? For example, you got Lada from your grandfather. There are no airbags and head restraints in the car. In such a car, the risk of serious injury is higher than that of a foreign car. At the same time, the Lada is quite strong in construction, and it is more difficult to bend them than a cardboard house. Lada can be compared with the domestic vaccine DTP. It is whole-cell, which means that immunity from it will last longer. But the risk of side effects increases. Foreign vaccines, say Pentaxim are cell-free, they are more conveniently tolerated. They can be compared with a foreign car.
When we vaccinate children, we take a conscious risk. This allows you to save the child from serious infections and avoid fatal complications. Such conditions are dictated to us by life itself. Some ask: “Can a child not be vaccinated?” You may have the right to do so. But after such a decision, the baby needs to live in a deserted place, not communicate with any person. A new place of residence should not be endemic for tick-borne encephalitis.
When we live in society, it is impossible to protect a child from hundreds of viruses and bacteria. Some of them lead to a runny nose, while others lead to meningitis and other serious illnesses.
To get vaccinated means to fasten yourself in a car, put on a life jacket in a boat. Vaccination increases the chance of survival and avoiding complications from disease.
Child after vaccination
Undesirable reactions to vaccination in a child can occur at different times. It all depends on what type of vaccine it is: living or killed. At first, symptoms in most cases appear after 5 days. On the killed, in the first three days after vaccination.
fever. You can give Nurofen or Paracetamol.
redness of the skin at the vaccination site. Seal is possible. In this case, you can’t do anything yourself. Show the reaction to the pediatrician.
Reddened or tightened skin, where did the injection? In no case do not apply compresses, do not smear with hormonal ointments (for allergies). Show the child to the pediatrician.
Many mothers and fathers say that after DTP, the child cried or limped. DTP is a “large” vaccine, so immunity sends many “fighters” to deal with it. They “fight” with the vaccine for peace in the body. As a result, we can observe inflammation. In this case, this is a normal reaction. Due to it, an immune memory is formed in the body, which allows the child not to get this infection in the future, or to transfer it at times easier.
This inflammatory process also causes pain, lameness, edema, which displaces the nerves and vessels passing nearby. This condition is temporary and will pass on its own. It does not affect the further development and health of the child.
On the day of vaccination, ask the pediatrician what number you can call if you are alerted by the well-being of the child. Side effects are described in the instructions. They differ depending on which vaccine has been used. You can learn more about them from your pediatrician.