“On the way to the light”: how to get rid of depression?
Depression is a mental disorder that manifests itself both at the mental and physiological levels.
Currently, this disease is considered to be common. According to various studies, about 20% of the country’s population suffers from it. Manifestations of depression are affected by people of different ages. Most often, symptoms occur in people of 20-30 years as a result of external factors – professional activity, loss of loved ones. Also, among adolescents, 30% at least once experienced a mild or severe form of depression.
According to statistics, it is women who are more affected. This is due to frequent periods of hormonal disruptions – pregnancy, menstrual cycle, menopause. Also, women often observe problems with the thyroid gland, which is one of the reasons.
Classification of Depression
The term “depression” refers to a number of different states of mental disorder. Different criteria are used to separate them: severity, frequency, causes.
Dysthymia is a chronic mental illness. It is believed that this is rather one of the character traits. A person is constantly in a gloomy mood, looking pessimistically at the world. The condition does not change depending on the circumstances and continues throughout life. Dysthymia does not affect the social or labor activity of a person.
If with dysthymia the disorder does not reach exacerbation under the influence of any stresses, then treatment may not be required.
Perinatal – postpartum depression, which manifests itself within a month after childbirth. It is caused by stress, genetics and many other factors. Women’s diseases also include premenstrual dysphoric disorder. Differences in mood during these periods are a common occurrence. However, increased anxiety, desocialization during the year during menstruation is the basis for going to the doctor.
Seasonal affective state is a mental disorder that manifests itself in a clear period of time. For the most part, it depends on geographic and climatic parameters. Periods of exacerbation occur in autumn or spring.
Vital depression differs from others in the prevailing feeling of sadness, which has a physiological expression: pain in the solar plexus, numbness of body parts, shortness of breath.
Separately, it should be said about bipolar disorder, which is manifested not only by a prolonged suppressed state. Usually, with such a diagnosis, periods of increased activity are replaced by lethargy and disinterest. During the phase of mania, a person is characterized by increased excitability, sleeps little, is constantly absorbed in some occupation. Obsession and obsession with a strange idea.
Monopolar Disorder – Enduring Depression. The patient for a long period of time does not get out of a depressed state.
A depressive episode is a mental disorder that is diagnosed in a patient for the first time. Most often, this is a reaction to certain changes in life. However, in the absence of proper and high-quality treatment, the condition of the disorder may recur. In this case, they talk about recurrent disorder – the general concept of relapse.
Causes of Depression
Mental dysfunction results from many different factors. The causes leading to depression can be associated with both internal changes and external influences.
The most common causes of depression include:
reduced vitamin D, lack of sunlight
side effect of drugs or their withdrawal
consequences of illness or injury
As for the consequences of taking medication, most often such depression disappears at the end of treatment.
How to get rid of depression
Just a bad mood or even a difficult period can be easily corrected by communicating with loved ones, a new hobby and a well-deserved vacation. However, if you understand that you clearly need help, you should contact a specialist. Depression is a treatable disease if it is detected in a timely manner and does not try to self-medicate.
During the reception of a psychotherapist, a test will be conducted to detect the presence of depression. Also, the doctor will be able to determine the severity of the disorder, concomitant psychosomatics. Depending on the data obtained, the type of treatment is determined: medication or therapy.
A mild to moderate form of mental disorder can very well be cured with medication. The main drug treatment are antidepressants. It is important to clearly follow the doctor’s recommendations for doses and schedule. Compliance with the regimen contributes to the cure and painless drug withdrawal.
Even if you have already taken antidepressants as prescribed, do not try to get by with your own knowledge in case of recurrence of symptoms. First, only a doctor can determine the need for medication. Secondly, the dose in each case is assigned individually.