Molluscum contagiosum. What does it look like and how to treat it
Molluscum contagiosum – a bundle of light pink color with a depression in the center, similar to a human navel. It is localized on the skin, rarely affects the mucous parts of the body, but never affects the internal organs. Molluscum contagiosum is a viral infection caused by one of the smallpox viruses. Most often observed in children from 1 to 10 years. This is a hot topic for many parents, as the virus is transmitted through bodily contact. Accordingly, the child can get the virus on the street, in kindergarten, school. Let’s see how the disease can be treated, and how it is not worth it, and whether treatment is necessary at all.
Signs of molluscum contagiosum
First, make sure that it is definitely a molluscum contagiosum. Its sizes are from 1 to 5 mm, sometimes it can reach 15 mm. Sometimes the diameter can be within 1 centimeter. They have a semicircular shape, and the color can be pale pink or flesh. Nodules protrude slightly above the surface of the skin. At first they are dense and flat, but eventually become softer and become spherical. In the center, you can notice not only a characteristic dimple, but also an accumulation of white fluid that comes out if pressed. The incubation period lasts from 2 weeks to several months. On the body, you can find one formation, and maybe 2, up to 10 pieces.
Molluscum contagiosum in children can be seen on the body and face. Nodules on the skin are completely painless, but in some patients they can itch.
In adults, it is localized both on the external genitalia and on the hips, buttocks or lower abdomen. If you notice it at one of the family members, then conduct an examination with the child. Since it is transmitted through contact and through contaminated household items, measures must be taken to prevent the spread of the virus. It is easier for a virus to enter the body through injured areas of the skin, for example, a wound, comb, eczema, and atopic dermatitis. By the way, if you saw a molluscum contagiosum in a child, then do not rush to blame pets for this. Animals are not carriers of the virus.
Molluscum contagiosum: treatment
If a person has good immunity, then the molluscum contagiosum leaves without treatment on its own after about 6 months. Treatment is not required in all cases. In patients with diseases of the immune system, lesions can be extensive. Even if a person has been ill with this viral infection, then stable immunity is not formed. This means that it can be re-infected with molluscum contagiosum.
There is no such antiviral drug that removes nodules. The main treatment for molluscum contagiosum is non-intervention, that is, “non-treatment”. In children, nodules themselves disappear in 2 or 18 months. The main thing is not to touch the nodules so that they do not spread to other areas.
If nevertheless removal of formations is required, then there are 2 ways.
Mechanical impact: curettage, cryodestruction, laser removal.
Chemical removal, essentially moxibustion. For this purpose, salicylic acid, potassium hydroxide, povidone iodine are used.
Keep in mind that the virus is immune to alcohol-based antiseptics. Some parents use zelenka for cauterization, but it does not kill the virus, it just keeps the infection from spreading. If the nodule was damaged, then it should be decontaminated. If chemical treatment is started, then the procedures should be carried out daily.
Sterility in everything and how not to get infected
Prevention of molluscum contagiosum is to maintain personal hygiene. You need to use personal towels and cutlery. If education is already on the skin, then before going out into the street, kindergarten or school, you need to close them with clothes or a band-aid. Keep in mind that your institution may not allow classes. Management has every right to do so, according to federal clinical guidelines.